Ginger contains the anti-inflammatory compounds gingerol, shogaol, and paradol.
Studies have shown these compounds to inhibit the production of something called “proinflammatory” cytokines.
Cytokines are small proteins which are involved in regulating the immune system's response to inflammation and infection.
Certain cytokines are “proinflammatory”…meaning they make inflammation happen more frequently in the body and they’re directly related to chronic inflammation.
One study showed that ginger extract can reduce the elevated expression of the inflammatory pathways NFκB and TNF-α in rats with liver cancer.
NF-κB is linked to a variety of inflammatory diseases, including cancer, atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, diabetes, allergy, asthma, arthritis, Crohn's disease, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, osteoporosis, psoriasis, septic shock, and AIDS.
Another study showed shogaol can reduce certain inflammatory gene expressions in certain cells.